The groups name is derived from the black september conflict which began on 16 september 1970 when king hussein of jordan declared military rule in response to fedayeen attempting to seize his kingdom resulting in the deaths and expulsion of thousands of palestinians fighters from jordan the bso began as a small cell of fatah men determined to take revenge upon king hussein and the . Black september black september breakaway militant faction of the palestinian organization fatah the group was founded in 1971 to seek retribution on jordans military and to assassinate jordans king hussein after they forcefully confronted the palestine liberation organization plo during an attempt to seize. Brief recap of palestinian history before black september lets quickly retrace the palestinian history before we jump into black september they had lived as arabs in the land of palestine under the ottomans for centuries but their history actually goes back farther than that. Besides seeding lebanons civil war and disintegration the jordanian palestinian war of 1970 led to the creation of the palestinian black september movement a commando faction that broke away from the plo and directed several terrorist plots to avenge palestinians losses in jordan including hijackings the assassination of jordanian prime
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