The middle east theatre of world war ii is defined largely by reference to the british middle east command which controlled allied forces in both southwest asia and eastern north africa from 1943 most of the action and forces concerned were in the adjoining mediterranean theatre . Britain hoped to have in the words of one foreign office official a quiet time in the middle east during world war ii and pursued an official policy of nonintervention in egyptian and iraqi internal affairs. The anglo iraqi war 2 31 may 1941 was a british led allied military campaign against the kingdom of iraq led by the axis aligned government of rashid ali which had seized power during the second world war. Egypt world war i and independence in november 1914 britain declared war on the ottoman empire and in december proclaimed a protectorate over egypt deposed abbs and appointed his uncle usayn kmil with the title of sultan. Iraq world war ii and british intervention 1939 45 nr al sad author of the 1930 treaty was prime minister when war broke out believing that the anglo iraqi alliance was the best guarantee for iraqi security he wanted to declare war on germany but his ministers counseled caution as british victory was then in doubt
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